In 2017, approximately 966,000 American adults (over the age of 12) struggled with a cocaine use disorder, according to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Although staggering, this number is not quite as high as most addiction experts expected. Cocaine, whether taken in powder or crystalline form, causes detrimental changes to the cells of the brain. Ultimately, these changes within the brain put users at high risk of developing an addiction to cocaine almost instantaneously.
What is Cocaine?
Cocaine is a white powdery, illicit stimulant drug that is highly addictive. The euphoric effects of cocaine increase the user’s energy levels and flood the brain with “happy cells” or dopamine. The “high” is typically short-lived and wears off quickly, resulting in a crash that is identified by periods of sleeping, depression, and overall low energy. Cocaine use often starts out as an addition to a late-night out – or the ultimate remedy to staying out late. Other times, cocaine is used to enhance work performance or to aid in pulling an all-nighter. Either way, regular cocaine use may quickly lead to cocaine abuse.
Cocaine reacts with the body’s central nervous system. Addiction to cocaine alters not only the brain chemistry of the abuser but also his/her personality as well. Over time, the production of dopamine in the brain is altered, making it harder for the user to feel pleasure without the drug. As a direct result, the need for cocaine rehab is typically apparent to everyone – even if the user is unable to recognize it.
Signs of Cocaine Abuse
- Grandiose behaviors
- Paraphernalia (spoons, mirrors, razor blades, powdered residue, tinfoil, straws, etc.)
- Hoarse voice
- Runny nose
- Weight loss
- Powdery residue on the face
- Aggressive behaviors
- Loss of appetite
- Erratic sleep patterns
The symptoms of cocaine abuse are absolutely detrimental to the user, ultimately leading to unhealthy physical consequences. When a cocaine addict attempts to stop using cocaine, withdrawal symptoms often begin as early as a few hours after the last dose. While stimulant drug withdrawal is rarely life-threatening, drug cravings and emotional side effects may lead to suicidal thoughts or actions.
The sudden removal of cocaine from the addict’s bloodstream often provokes physical detox symptoms such as abdominal cramps, muscle aches, nausea, vomiting, extreme fatigue, lethargy, and intense cravings. Emotional withdrawal symptoms include agitation, paranoia, lack of motivation anxiety, rage, aggression, violence, severe depression, and the inability to feel pleasure.
Cocaine abuse disrupts sleep patterns, eating habits, and wreaks havoc on the body of the user which is why it is important for the individual to seek out help from a cocaine rehab program. Cocaine rehab may entail either outpatient or residential treatment, depending on the level of care desired. Treatment for cocaine addiction includes several components and a comprehensive approach to treating the individual.
Cocaine rehab services include:
- Detox services
- Medical interventions
- Behavioral therapies
- Support groups
- Educational classes
- Nutrition planning
- Relapse prevention
- Family therapy
- Dual Diagnosis treatment
- Aftercare planning
What to Expect in Cocaine Rehab
Cocaine rehab starts the moment a patient walks through the door. First, the patient immediately receives a full evaluation during the initial intake phase of the process. Then, the patient will generally participate in a medically supervised drug detox program. Providing around-the-clock medical supervision and medication therapy will ensure the addict’s safety during the cocaine withdrawal process. When detoxification is complete, patients begin intensive work through addiction therapy and counseling. Once the patient completes cocaine rehab, aftercare services will begin. This extra level of care solidifies concepts learned during treatment as the everyday application begins.
According to “Principles of Drug Addiction Treatment”, here are some components of an effective drug rehab program:
- Intake/Initial Evaluation – This process is the first step upon entering cocaine rehab. The client will undergo a full psychological and clinical evaluation. If the addiction specialist discovers another issue such as an underlying mental health disorder or a chronic pain diagnosis, the issue will be added to the addiction treatment plan.
- Detox Program – Medications and around-the-clock medical supervision are applied during the detoxification process. These components are helpful in treating cocaine withdrawal.
- Clinical and Case Management – Each client is assigned to specific clinical and case management staff members to help track progress and potential barriers to the individual’s treatment plan. Close attention is made through weekly check-ins during cocaine addiction treatment.
- Self-Help and Peer Support Groups – During cocaine rehab, clients should participate in group therapy in the form of 12-Step fellowships and support groups.
- Substance Abuse Monitoring – In order to maintain the integrity of a cocaine rehab program, random drug tests are administered while strict attention is focused on prescription medications.
- Aftercare – Towards the end of treatment, the patient and his/her therapist will construct an aftercare plan. This ultimately helps patients sustain their newfound sobriety through attending an intensive outpatient program, connecting with alumni, participating in 12-Step fellowship groups, or continuing the structure in a sober living facility.
Cocaine Rehab at PAX Riverbend
Entering rehab is a seemingly scary decision. Cocaine addiction is a disease, however, a professional cocaine rehab program will ensure you are as comfortable as possible throughout the entire recovery process. From the moment you arrive at PAX Riverbend, you will be treated with compassion and support as you begin your journey to recovery from cocaine addiction. Our experienced staff will teach you the skills you need in order to sustain your recovery. If you are ready for cocaine rehab that is individualized for physical, emotional, and spiritual growth – Call us today!
Medically Reviewed: September 25, 2019
All of the information on this page has been reviewed and verified by a certified addiction professional.